It is very common that two pie charts comparing the same sectors in two separate years must be analysed in Academic writing task 1. In this class you will learn how to analyse pie charts and how to structure a report about them.
Also check out our previous pie chart lessons:
Analysing Pie Charts 1
Linking Words and Pie Chart Analysis
The pie charts show the distribution of visitors to 4 different types tourist attractions in the UK in two years.
Exercise 1 | Understanding the Graph
Study the pie charts and answer the true or false questions below.
3 Tips for a high band essay
- The two pie charts show the statistics in two years only. It is not possible to say what happened between 1981 and 1999, only what the statistics were in those two particular years. Therefore, the vocabulary you use to talk about changes over time in a line graph (rise, fall, fluctuate, peak etc.) cannot be used.
- Candidates often forget to give important details, such as the overall number of visitors in each year. Make sure you mention this information.
- In the introduction, make sure you provide an overview of the main features of the two pie charts. Concentrate on highlighting the categories with the highest/lowest percentages. Don’t include any actual statistics in your overview, save these for the body paragraphs.
Exercise 2 | Writing about Data
Below is a high band example essay. The percentages have been deleted. Complete the essay with the correct statistics.
How is the task structured?
There are 3 paragraphs. The 1st is an introduction and the 2nd and 3rd contain details. After the introduction, it is very important that you find a logical way to separate the details of the graph into 2 paragraphs.
What information is in Paragraph 1?
The first paragraph is an introduction, and includes a paraphrase of the text above the pie charts. This is followed by an overview. Notice that no data (no percentages) is included in the overview. We put data in paragraphs 2 and 3.
What information is in Paragraph 2?
This paragraph includes detailed information about (and comparisons of) the two most popular tourist destinations: Museums/Galleries and Theme Parks.
What information is in Paragraph 3?
Paragraph 3 contains the details of numbers of visitors to the two least popular tourist destinations: Wildlife Parks/Zoos and Historic Houses/Monuments.
We can see that the details of these pie charts have been separated into 1) the two most popular and 2) the two least popular tourist attractions. An alternative way to structure this task is to divide the details into 1) year 1981 and 2) year 1999.
When you write, you must decide how you want to separate your detail paragraphs.
Exercise 3 | Important Vocabulary
Select a word or phrase in the text, then select a box that matches the meaning.
We hope you enjoyed this lesson! Remember to practice what you have learned when you write your own task 1 responses.
We often find that students find it difficult knowing what prepositions (in/on/at/by etc) to use when referring to data. Luckily we have a class to help you with that:
Prepositions to go with statistics and data